The Valerie Foundation

Overview for Info

What Is Dementia?

Dementia is the umbrella term for a number of degenerative neurological diseases, the most commonly known is Alzheimer's Disease. Other 'dementias' include Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD), Vascular Disease, Lewy Bodies Dementia to name but a few. Different Dementia's attack different parts on the brain which means the symptoms of dementia can drastically vary from dementia to dementia.

Frontotemporal Dementia

Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD), like the term 'dementia' is an umbrella term. FTD is a dementia that breaks down into other dementia subtypes that attack the 'Frontal Lobe' or 'Temporal Lobe' of the brain (sometimes both). FTD is where Heeley City Farm's Dementia Department specialties lie. As they have over a decade experience with this disease.

Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer's Disease is the most common type of dementia and is NOT a normal part of aging as some people believe. Caused by a build up on the brain causing damage to the Hippocampus which is central to day to day memory.

Vascular Dementia

Usually caused by a stroke or a series of mini strokes, Vascular Dementia is the second most common cause of dementia. Some people can have Vascular Dementia with Alzheimer's Disease. Vascular Dementia can cause memory loss, disorientation and problems with communication.

Lewy Bodies Dementia

Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) is the third most common form of Dementia. Every 15 out of 100 people with dementia will have dementia caused by DLB. Clumps of proteins build up inside nerve cells, these are called Lewy Bodies.